Reclamation is an important and inseparable part of mining and compensates for the unavoidable impact of mining activities on nature, landscape and the society. Without this compensation, mining is not possible, neither from the perspective of the approval procedures nor considering the acceptance of society. Unfortunately, this is not a practice in worldwide mining, even in developed countries.
The increasing demand for raw materials is more and more affecting the environment and thus has an effect on living conditions of people around the world. Already in the early stages of mine planning, the future needs and requirements of the post mining landscape must be taken into account. Reclamation starts with the first works of exploration and digestion, and the mining ends not until the successful recultivation is finally ensured. The work of reclamation goes far beyond the simple design of embankments and greenery. The creation of new cultural landscapes, which must be stable and safe once returned to the natural and economic cycle, is necessary. The restoration of existing landscapes and uses or of completely new ones is possible.
Reclamation is an interdisciplinary topic, dealing with particular technical questions, e.g. soil, water resources, vegetation and wildlife, handling of contaminations and brownfields, geotechnical safety and geochemical processes in tipping, heaps and tailings ponds. Specific features of legal, financial and organizational issues should also be mentioned. The conference will give an overview of the complex interrelations and specific recultivation issues.
In Germany there exists an extensive knowledge in closing ore, spat, salt and coal mines, which has been going on for about 25 years, and which determines standards of active mining. The results of the recultivation depend on many factors, in particular on the social, geological and natural environment. MINECLOSURE2018 brings together various sectors, such as active large and small scale mining, abandoned mines, marine mining or illegal mining.
The Bergakademie Freiberg, founded in 1756, is the oldest existing montane educational institution in the world. With over 250 years of tradition, today the Bergakademie Freiberg is a resource university with the principle of sustainable development in research and teaching in order to promote responsible handling and production of natural resources.
In co-operation with the ACG, the Bergakademie Freiberg as the host of the MINECLOSURE 2018 in Leipzig hopes to welcome many experts from authorities, planning companies, universities as well as companies active in mining and reclamation. In addition to the presentations and posters, there will be numerous opportunities for professional exchange and insights into successful mining and reclamation in Germany.
With kind regards and Glückauf!